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Therapy is an accepted method of treatment of social, mental, behavioral, and psychological problems. Although before there is a stigma attached to it and individuals who go through therapy are frowned at or avoided like a plague.

Over the years, this stigma and negative connotation of therapy has vanished. People are now more open about the topic or idea of therapy.

There are various types of therapy, some of the most common are cognitive therapy, occupational therapy, autistic therapy, psychology therapy and, speech therapy. Each of these have their own applications and methods or procedures.

Psychoanalytic or psychology therapy actually traces its roots to one of the pillars of psychology himself Sigmund Freud and is one of the more popular forms of therapy. It is often called ‘talk therapy’ because therapists usually spend a great deal of the session letting their patients talk or discuss their lives, thoughts, fears, concerns, problems among others.

Although psychology therapy is often criticized as ineffective, time-consuming, and expensive, its benefits are real and permanent. Among which is the fact that the process of a patient sharing his or her innermost feelings is in itself very helpful and the key to solving the patient’s problem or condition.

Behavioral or cognitive therapy zeroes in on specific problems and works on changing the thinking and behaving patterns of patients in order to overcome their fears or disorder. This type of therapy is particularly effective in treating phobias as well as depression or stress.

Cognitive therapy is usually used for patients who have behavioral problems. This affects how they respond to certain situations and thinking or emotional dysfunctions. Some patients are helped to develop certain skills and change some of their beliefs, thus, changing their behaviour.

Many people also seek occupational therapy to improve their lifestyle, including their behavioural, emotional, and cognitive life aspects. Occupational therapists help patients develop better performance to have better and more appropriate occupations.

Occupational therapy is a broad classification of therapy and has many sub-categories. Autistic therapy and speech therapy are highly specialize and focused forms of therapy.

The latter is of course for treating autism, which is a developmental disorder that affects a person’s social and communication skills. Autistic therapy involves being treated by a physician who specializes in working with children with autism.

Speech therapy is of course anything to do with speech—the spoken word, expressions, languages etc. Speech therapy is provided for patients who suffer from speech defects which result in difficulties to speak clearly or to even talk; sometimes, problems arise such as difficulty in swallowing and other physical and cognitive defects.

Treatment includes speech and non-verbal communication exercises, and a series of drill and routine exercises to develop and hopefully cure the patient’s speech defects.

While most mental disorders are incurable, they may be reversed through therapy. However, most of the time, they handicap the person from day-to-day normal activities. There are several of these therapies, which tend to lessen the patient’s difficulty of coping with their lives.